The banana health benefits may be familiar to long. However, not many people know that the banana skin and can also be used to deal with high cholesterol levels.
Three students from the Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Brawijaya University in Malang, a Lukman Azis, Nisa Alfilasari and Clara shame, doing research on the benefits of banana. It seems, is extracted pectin from banana peel has the benefits of anti-cholesterol.
Is then pectin substances in rubber candy or marshmallows are delicious. "Pectin has a nature capable of water binding, such as jelly. Nah, marshmallows require gel so we chose this type of candy. Anyway, this marshmallow now being favored people," said Lukman, head of the research team.
He explained that the pectin-making process is very easy and can be done using common household appliances. Waste banana peel which will be sorted very small slices and then steamed for 10 minutes. The next stage is drying and thrive. Then flour is extracted by the method of solid and liquid at a temperature of 90 C using acidic solvents. Results of extraction and then became marhmallow manufacturing.
"The ingredients are all marshmallows natural. Dye pink, I use Dragon fruit extract. Use sugar also low in calories," he said.
Lukman, who is still sitting in Chapter 8 explains, is to extract pectin from banana peels can reduce cholesterol in fact. Research conducted on mice for two weeks showed decreased cholesterol by 52 percent.
"I tested the mice for the case of high cholesterol. During those two weeks, the mice were injected with a dose of pectin that has been converted. Showing low levels of cholesterol in the blood of up to 52 percent," he said.
He said he generally uses the pectin in the food industry comes from apples, citrus fruits, which are expensive. Each year, Indonesia imported pectin ton.
"Pectin from banana peel waste is more useful because it is cheap. Addition there are effective in lowering cholesterol levels in the blood," he said.
Find who is part of a program of field research conducted by the student creativity, the Directorate General of Higher Education Kemendikbud. Research done under the guidance of his teacher Ida Nour Banca STP.
Judge Luqman, this time only a banana peel waste is used as animal feed, while any useful content in it. "Suppose now locked in once a couple of stone. Firstly can benefit economically banana peel that add value to the bananas. Second is the innovation of making marshmallows as anti-cholesterol desserts," he said.
He also plans to continue her research to determine the effectiveness of pectin from banana skin in humans as well as other diseases. As is being done patent process.