Women who are infected with HIV / AIDS should not be afraid to get pregnant just for fear the baby will be infected. The risk of transmission to the baby can be very small, if they are taking medication or regular consumption of antiretroviral (ARV).
Dr Budiarto of the Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHIA) explains, the main cause of HIV transmission is due to the large amount of virus in the blood. Therefore we need the administration of drugs to suppress the amount of virus.
"So if we reduce the amount of virus in the blood as low as possible, then the transmission rate is also very small," said Budi event held in HIV and AIDS Research Center at Atma Jayaamerica, Pacific Place, Jakarta, Tuesday (10/28/2014 ).
According to Budi, the most important is the early detection of HIV in pregnant women. The earlier the virus is found, the treatment can reduce the virus to undetectable levels. Because when the virus is low risk of transmission would be even smaller.
"In a period of 2 to 3 months down the transmission rate can be very large. So find and treat," he explained.
For early detection of pregnant women were asked to not be embarrassed to get tested for HIV. He explained that a pregnant woman who did not receive the drug, rarely controls, and did not give birth in a hospital, the risk of passing HIV to her baby at 40 percent. Thus, there are 60 percent of infants who are not infected by HIV-infected pregnant women.
What if taking medication on a regular basis? The risk of transmission to the baby also will be smaller. A mother can also breastfeed the baby without fear of contracting the virus. If diligently taking antiretrovirals, the risk of virus transmission from a woman to her partner and men are also very small.
"If we look at the trials in humans, if left untreated, when having unprotected sex chances of contracting 2 to 4 percent," said Budi.