What are the causes of appendicitis?

Inflammation of the appendix (appendicitis) is a serious medical condition in which the appendix, a small finger-shaped organ attached to the large intestine, becomes swollen and inflamed.

It is not always obvious, but sometimes can be caused by viral infections, bacteria, or fungi that have spread to the appendix. Infection usually occurs, but are not limited to:

• Bacteria Bacteroides
• Adenovirus
• Salmonella Bacteria
• Shigella Bacteria
• Measles
• Fungal infections mucormycosis and histoplasmosis

Appendicitis is most often caused by obstruction of the appendix area called the lumen of the appendix. There are several causes that make the area is blocked, for example, stone appendicitis, intestinal worms or parasites, irritation due to chronic disease, the presence of foreign bodies, as well as abdominal injuries.

The length of the appendix, which looks like a worm that attaches to the beginning of the large intestine is about 8.5 cm. The appendix is a home for beneficial bacteria. However, when these organs are infected or clogged, bacteria multiply rapidly, causing the appendix to swell and fill with pus, thick liquid that contains bacteria, tissue cells, and die when the white blood cells fight infection.


If left untreated, the inflammation of the appendix will get worse and lead to further complications. The pressure in the appendix will increase, and decrease the amount of blood flowing through the walls of the appendix, and the body is deprived of blood and died.

The appendix is a condition that requires immediate action. In certain cases, a ruptured appendix can cause serious infections in the abdominal cavity. This serious complication can then lead to a potentially fatal blood infection called sepsis.

The standard procedure of this disease is raised appendicitis through surgery. There are times when this can be done by actions that are not too invasive surgery known as laparoscopy.

We can prevent this disease by maintaining a diet, for example, consume enough fiber in order to defecate more smoothly. The combination of air pollution and a western-style diet high in carbohydrates and low in fiber, are known to increase the risk of this disease.