Ebola outbreak continues to spread terror in recent months, even transmission has occurred outside the African country. But whether this outbreak could cause a global pandemic similar to AIDS?
In a meeting in Washington DC, USA, (9/10/14), Dr. Tom Frieden, Director of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), comparing the two diseases (Ebola and AIDS).
"For 30 years I worked in the field of public health, the only thing that is just like AIDS. We have to fight harder to ebola outbreak of AIDS is not the next, "he said.
Ebola and HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) does have a number of similarities. Both are spread through blood and body fluids, both of which have a high risk of death, and both emerging and spreading in Africa. "In addition, the researchers have not been able to develop a vaccine against the virus" said Dr. Amesh Adalja, an infectious disease physician at the University of Pittsburgh.
But there are also big differences between the two viruses, which would prevent Ebola infection spread like AIDS.
HIV has a long period in which a person can spread the virus even though the symptoms of the disease has not appeared. The person may appear healthy despite having HIV can spread the virus through sexual activity or through needle sharing.
"On the contrary, ebola virus does not spread from people who do not have symptoms, and once they are infected they will feel too ill to perform usual activities," said Adalja.
According Adalja, ebola fact does not have a latent period, will be one of the factors limiting its spread.
Dr. Bruce Hirsch, a specialist in infectious diseases at North Shore University Hospital in Manhasset, New York, agrees.
"I do not think that Ebola has the potential to become the next AIDS in the world," said Hirsch.
Unfortunately, ebola is a fast killer, but this means that this outbreak eventually will disappear by itself.
"That terror and also advantages we have, in terms of public health measures to control the virus," said Hirsch.
However, according ebola has the potential to teach the experts, as in the case of AIDS control. Moreover, the health of people around the world actually interconnected.
Ebola outbreak has infected more than 8,000 people in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, and killed more than 3,800 people on Oct. 5, according to the latest data updated according to the CDC.
After Spain, two people in the United States reportedly also contracted ebola. The worst scenario is estimated that 1.4 million people in Liberia and Sierra Leone could be infected with Ebola in four months. Of course, all parties must work together to prevent human tragedy that come true.
"We will not be safe from ebola until all the survivors of Ebola," said Hirsch.